Blind Discretion: Girls of Color and Delinquency in the Juvenile Justice System
...There is reason to believe that juvenile justice officials are not performing individualized, contextual assessments of girls of color. Instead of relying on their discretion to examine girls holistically, our current system treats them - as a group - as already a social problem.
Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced and Underprotected
Ideally, the conversation Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced, and Underprotected engenders within communities and among philanthropists, policy makers, stakeholders, and advocates will lead to the inclusion of girls in efforts to address school discipline, push-out, and the pathways to incarceration, poverty, and low-wage work.
No Place for Youth: Girls in the Adult Justice System
While not intended as a research document, this bulletin highlights challenges when transferring juveniles to the adult criminal justice system for administrators and the individual justice involved girls. It is hoped that the audience for this document will extend beyond that of adult and juvenile correctional administrators and reach other related stakeholders who are involved in the [...]
Girls, Status Offenses and the Need for a Less Punitive and More Empowering Approach
Among the thousands of status offense cases petitioned to the courts every year, a disproportionate number of them are brought against girls. In 2009, girls accounted for almost 50% of all status offense cases petitioned to the courts, as compared to 28% of all delinquency cases.
Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context
Drawing on information from official arrest sources, nationally based self-report and victimization surveys, and studies reported in the social science literature, the Bulletin examines the involvement of girls in violent activity...and the contexts in which girls engage in violent behavior.
Girls’ Crime and Woman’s Place: Toward a Feminist Model of Female Delinquency
All areas of social inquiry have been notoriously gender blind. What is perhaps less well understood is that theories developed to describe the misbehavior of working- or lower-class male youth fail to capture the full nature of delinquency in America; and, more to the point, are woefully inadequate when it comes to explaining female misbehavior and official reactions to girls' deviance.
Dealing with the Fall-Out: Identifying and Addressing the Role that Relationship Strain Plays in the Lives of Girls in the Juvenile Justice System
This study borrowed tenets from feminist theories of delinquency and linked them to Agnew’s (1992) conception of how “strain” can result in girls’ delinquency when they experience negative or painful stimuli, or a loss of positive valued stimuli. This study affirmed the hypothesis in finding that the attempt to cope with strain in their relationships within the family, with a boyfriend, and [...]
Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care for Girls in the Juvenile Justice System: 2 Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial
The increasing awareness of the developmental pathways to delinquency for girls, plus concerns about serving girls in existing male-oriented programs and institutions, speak to the need for gender sensitive services. This is underscored by data showing that female delinquency is increasing relative to male delinquency, resulting in problems for existing public child-service systems that have [...]
Gender Differences in Recidivism Rates for Juvenile Justice Youth: The Impact of Sexual Abuse
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a potent risk factor for delinquency and subsequent juvenile justice involvement, especially for young women (Chesney–Lind, 1997; Gavazzi et al., 2006; Hubbard & Pratt, 2002). A person that experiences any type of maltreatment during childhood, including sexual abuse, is significantly more likely to be arrested, as a juvenile or adult, than a person who was not [...]