Challenges Facing Crossover Youth: An Examination of Juvenile Justice Decision Making and Recidivism
They have significant educational problems, high rates of placement changes and high rates of substance abuse and mental health problems, and when they enter the juvenile justice system, they are more likely to stay longer and penetrate deeper into the system then their nonmaltreated counterparts.
Juvenile Court Referrals and the Public Schools: Nature and Extent of the Practice in Five States
Instead of addressing serious weapons violations, zero-tolerance policies led to an increased reliance on suspensions and expulsions for minor disciplinary infraction. In fact, there is little evidence that zero-tolerance policies resulted in improved school safety. Instead, researchers found that schools dedicated greater time and resources to school discipline.
Inventory of Evidence-Based, Research-Based, and Promising Practices: For Prevention and Intervention Services for Children and Juveniles in Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice, and Mental Health Systems
Since the 1990s, the Washington State legislature has directed WSIPP to identify “evidence-based” policies.
Safe Harbor Policies for Juvenile Victims of Sex Trafficking: A Myopic View of Improvements in Practice
This article uses yearly count data on juvenile prostitution arrests aggregated at the state level to explore the criminalization of commercial sexually exploited children post safe harbor policy implementation.